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Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!

Robyn Openshaw - Updated: March 20, 2024 - - This Post May Contain Affiliate Links

Last year, getting a pedi at my salon, the manicurist sold me on a fabulous product called "gel toes." It lasts so much longer than regular nail polish, she said. It doesn't chip off.

Here's the dark side, I learned, when I returned a month later. Do you know how they get that stuff off?

They make you soak your toes in acetone for 15 minutes! Acetone is the primary ingredient in nail polish remover, but it’s also paint thinner.

The small amounts of chemicals on our skin, from lotions, cosmetics, and nail polish and removers, add up to serious hormone disruption, which affects everything about your health.

In this post:

Blog: Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!

"Gel Toes" are removed by soaking your toes in toxic acetone for 15 minutes!

Skin is not the barrier we may believe it to be; through pores, hair follicles, and sweat glands, it absorbs everything that is applied to it. It’s also the largest detoxifying organ in your body!

Researchers from Duke University and Environmental Working Group tested women for triphenyl phosphate (TPHP)—an endocrine-disrupting chemical found in nail polish—about 12 hours after they had their nails painted. 100 percent of the participants showed evidence of this toxin in their bloodstream, half a day later.1

These chemicals that are absorbed into your bloodstream and lymphatic system then flow to the rest of your body and lodge themselves in organs and tissues where they build up and lead to toxicity.

I love how long-lasting “Gel Toes” are, as the ladies in the salon call it. But I’m not going to EVER soak my nails for 15 minutes in acetone again. That’s 15 minutes of pouring paint thinner into my bloodstream!

Sometimes the “price of pretty” is too high.

Why are Most Nail Products Toxic?

Did you know that the EPA classifies nail polish and nail polish remover as a household hazardous waste? In fact, they recommend nail polish remover be saved for household hazardous waste collection! And yet, we put it on our bodies, including our young daughters’.2

The worst part? Some of these chemicals are known to cause hormone disruption affecting both reproduction and development. Alarming for adults, but what about young girls and teens whose bodies are still developing?

A survey conducted by analysis company Mintel and reported in Nails Magazine revealed that 97 percent of American girls between the ages of 12 to 14 use nail products.3

Let’s find out what chemicals to steer clear of and what the less-toxic alternatives are.

The Top 4 Nail Polish Toxins to Avoid

1. Formaldehyde

Why do companies put an ingredient that is used to embalm dead bodies into our nail polish? The answer: It is used as a nail hardener and preservative.

Photo of a snake in Formaldehyde from "Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!" at Green Smoothie Girl.

Formaldehyde can cause cancer so you probably shouldn't put it on your nails.

Tosylamide/formaldehyde resin is another ingredient used in nail polish to make them shiny and long lasting.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies formaldehyde as a known carcinogen, based on published evidence.4

2. Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP)

This endocrine disrupter is used in nail polish to minimize chipping. The State of California has classified DBP as a reproductive and developmental toxicant. The EU has banned its use in cosmetics and personal care products.5

But the FDA has done nothing except conclude that, yes, elevated levels of this chemical have been found when women, children and infant’s urine was tested; however, “FDA determined that there wasn’t a sound, scientific basis to support taking regulatory action against cosmetics containing phthalates.”

Don’t wait to start addressing the chemicals in our products until the FDA deems them unsafe. (Remember Troglitazone? It was a diabetic drug approved by the FDA, who finally, three years after the UK did, pulled it off the market because it causes liver failure. Our government is often slow to protect us.)

DBP has been shown to affect the reproductive system in fetuses when pregnant mothers are exposed.5 Animal studies have revealed that it can also damage the liver, kidneys and lungs. Canada, the E.U. and the U.S. banned the use of DBP in children’s toys and care supplies because of health concerns, including both liver and kidney failure in young children.6

3. Toluene

This nail polish ingredient creates that smooth finish. It is also found in nail polish removers and is responsible for their pungent scent (there’s a reason they smell like gasoline, since toluene is a gasoline additive).

Its fumes are highly toxic and haves been associated with neurological damage, impaired breathing, impaired fetal development and even blood cancers such as lymphoma.8, 9

Toluene is listed on California’s Prop 65 list of chemicals as harmful to fetal development. The EU has restricted the use of toluene in personal-care products and has advised that pregnant women and children should not be exposed to its fumes.7 But in the United States, its use is still permitted in nail products.

Photo of a woman using nail polish remover from "Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!" at Green Smoothie Girl.

Toluene is used in nail polish and nail polish remover and has harmful effects on pregnant woman and children.

4. Camphor

This product is added to nail polish in order to give your nails that glossy, shiny appearance. You’re probably familiar with this ingredient as it can be found in many remedies such as vapor rubs to reduce cold symptoms. It is a natural ingredient that comes from the Cinnamonum camphora tree.

But even natural ingredients can cause adverse effects, especially when they are isolated and processed. In high doses, camphor has been associated with both birth defects and respiratory disease.11

Healthy Nail Polish Tips

Unfortunately, even nail polishes that claim to be “toxin free” may be mislabeled. When researchers from California’s EPA agency sent 25 nail products to an independent lab to test for the “big three” toxins (formaldehyde, toluene, and DBP), only two had no trace of any.10

So, if you can’t trust labels, how do you determine if your nail polish is toxic or healthy?

One source that I trust is EWG’s Skin Deep Cosmetics Database. They list products that are EWG Verified and offer quick tips for safer cosmetics and a comprehensive overview of nail polishes on the market.

For me and my daughters, I found a bunch of non-toxic polishes from these companies:

  • Acquarella—This non-toxic brand has over 50 colors to choose from. They are all water-based with no traces of dangerous chemicals. Tip: Water-based nail polishes can be removed with rubbing alcohol—much better than toxic acetone nail polish removers!
  • Drs Remedy—This vegan polish is infused with organic tea tree oil, biotin, garlic extract and lavender. It has no toxic ingredients. Tip: If the polish says 5-Free, that means it is free of formaldehyde, DBP, toluene, formaldehyde resin, and camphor, which are 5 of the worst ingredients in most polishes. This product was created by two certified podiatrists and is the only polish that’s been awarded the American Podiatric Medical Association seal of approval. It contains natural anti-fungal ingredients which make it a good choice for those suffering from toenail fungus.
  • Honeybee Gardens—This brand comes in a wide variety of colors and has a low rating on the EWG database. For instance, their Honeybee Gardens WaterColors Vintage Merlot nail polish comes in at a 2 on a scale of 1 to 9, with 1 being the best possible rating.

Blog: Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!

Painting your child's fingernails can be fun, but if you don't want to expose them to toxic chemicals, use nail polish with all natural ingredients.

  • SpaRitual—Their products are vegan free, cruelty free, and 12-free, which is impressive. They have some beautiful, unique colors, including some that sparkle. My girls love sparkles. If you check out their product online, you’ll notice that they’ve received some great reviews.
  • Piggy Paint—This is a great polish that is marketed specifically for kids and is one of the lower priced non-toxic nail polishes around. Several online reviews recommend this nail polish specifically for kids and not so much for adults.

While non-toxic nail polish can be a little more expensive, if enough of us buy it, we can be a part of the movement to bring the price down and the supply up! That way, we are being good citizens of the green world AND decreasing our own toxic body burden.

In order to inspire and help you choose nail polishes and other cosmetics that are free of toxins, I’ve created this free, printable Toxic Cosmetics Ingredients wallet card.

It will provide that quick information you need when shopping so that you can ensure you’re buying the healthiest (and least toxic) cosmetics for you and your family.

Simply print it, cut it out, and put it in your wallet. You can consult it, when shopping, until these ingredients to avoid are in your memory bank and you’re eventually a “pro” who can consult to others--your daughters and granddaughters, for instance--to help them make healthier choices!

Grab your Toxic Cosmetics Ingredients wallet card here!

Read next: Ridges, Bumps, Or White Spots In Your Fingernails? What Your Nails Say About Your Health

Photograph of Robyn Openshaw, founder of Green Smoothie GirlRobyn Openshaw, MSW, is the bestselling author of The Green Smoothies Diet, 12 Steps to Whole Foods, and 2017’s #1 Amazon Bestseller and USA Today Bestseller, Vibe. Learn more about how to make the journey painless, from the nutrient-scarce Standard American Diet, to a whole-foods diet, in her free video masterclass 12 Steps to Whole Foods.

Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links that help support the GSG mission without costing you extra. I recommend only companies and products that I use myself.

Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!



  1. Hansen, Sally. Duke-EWG Study Finds Toxin Nail Polish Chemical in Women’s Bodies. EWG.
  2. Disposal Guide to Household Hazardous Wastes. National Service Center for Environmental Publications. EPA.
  3. Rupert, Tracy. Teen Scene. Nails Magazine. 08/2014.
  4. IARC Classifies Formaldehyde as Carcinogenic to Humans. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Press Release. 06/2004.
  5. Dibutyl Phthalate. EWG’s Skin Deep Cosmetics Database.
  6. Canada proposes six chemicals ban in toys, new lead limits. Medical Press. 06/2009.
  7. Toluene. Chemicals Considered or Listed Under Proposition 65. OEHHA CA Gov.
  8. Toluene. PubChem Open chemistry Database. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  9. Miligi L. et al. Occupational exposure to solvents and the risk of lymphomas. Epidemiology. 09/2006.
  10. Doheny, Kathleen. Is Your Nail Polish Toxic? WebMD. 04/2012.
  11. Ray, Linda. Camphor Dangers. Livestrong. 08/2017.

Posted in: Detox, Lifestyle, Natural Products, Relationships, Reviews

25 thoughts on “Can Nail Polish Be Healthy? Don’t Paint Your Nails Again Without Reading This!”

Leave a Comment
  1. Kimberley says:

    How long does it last on your toes?

    1. Robyn says:

      good question, kimberley, i’ll let you know on FB if there’s a big difference in it chipping, or doing something else weird!

  2. Shannon Hopkins says:

    I use Zoya and Mineral Fusion from Whole Foods. What’s your opinion on those? I tossed out all other a few years ago and bring a color, base coat and top coat to my pedis now. Plus then I have it for chips. Thank you.

    1. Terie Blankenbaker says:

      I was also wondering about Mineral Fusion cosmetics

    2. Robyn says:

      i haven’t compared them all, shannon, but 10 free would be better than 5 free…..i love that we have a way to measure. all this is new information to me, that i just researched. i’m going to buy those two brands too, now.

  3. Nancy says:

    Robyn, the gel nails also use UV light to help set. One of my patients told me MDs are seeing an increased incidence of nail bed cancer and are considering the link of the increase with the ultraviolet rays. Thanks for the link, planning a girls day out with my teens…

    1. Robyn says:

      Nancy, wow, that’s so interesting—and sad, if true. IDK why the UV light would really hurt anything. It’s not a microwave or anything, and lots of UV light is beneficial. Nail bed cancer?! Didn’t even know there was such a thing. of course, there’s an increased incidence of virtually all cancers….

      1. Cindy May says:

        That is all so crazy–what you wrote Nancy and all that you shared Robyn. I like pretty toes, too, but didn’t know there were any options. I’ll be switching brands and switching to rubbing alcohol. I don’t paint often at all since my toes rarely show and I am working on detoxing and getting better. But when you go to the GYN’s office, well, the toe-nail polish just has to be used 😉 Shared with my sister-n-love and niece too.

  4. Moyne says:

    Great info about rubbing alcohol removing the non-toxic brands! I don’t polish my fingernails anymore, partly because my nailbeds ache for hours after using polish remover, and the non-acetone type hurts more than the regular acetone! I cut my toenails short and only polish them once every few months, because I can get it to last that long. But I’d rather use less-toxic, even if it doesn’t last as long. Whenever I’ve looked at non-toxic brands in the past, I couldn’t find a color I would wear, but it looks like there are more options now. Looking forward to checking out these brands!

  5. dp says:

    So…what to do with all my toxic nail polishes??

  6. Thank you for those good recommendations.. Could you do that with cosmetics and lotions also??!! After doing your detox, slowly trying to swap out routine toxic products I’m using..

    1. Robyn says:

      Sure thing, Diane!

  7. SKH says:

    I have signed up for the toxic card three times now and still have not received it. Please help I would like to share this with some important people in my life. Thank you.

  8. SKH says:

    Thank you very much for quick response for the toxic card. I do lover your information and am taking your minerals. SKH

  9. Jamberry nail wraps seem like a great option to me. (And no, I don’t sell for them.) They do sell gel nail polish, but I won’t be buying it. I love Zoya, but I still worry every time I paint my nails what I might be doing to myself while inhaling the nail polish. Thanks for posting!

  10. Marlene says:

    Glad you are covering this!! Thanks to you I have been doing “green” smoothies for about four years. Just this year thanks to Instagram I discovered a “green beauty” blogger who has made countless posts on the toxic chemicals in nail polish. Regardless of if it is 3/5/7/10 free, ALL nail polish that stays on your fingers and does not rub off has Benzophenone-1 which has links to breast cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, and has been detected in human placental tissues. She has a rather in depth post about nail polish and these facts here: Anyone on Instagram, check out Organic Bunny. Like Maya Angelou said: Do the best you can until you know better then when you know better, do better. In order to limit my toxins, when I DO paint my nails, I use 10 free only. If they create 11, 12, 13, etc free, I will be all over that, too. A really GREAT option in 10 free nail polish is the brand 100% pure, they have stores in malls and have free shipping and returns online. It is a great line of cosmetics that is green beauty, toxin-free (or limited in the case of their nail polishes), and cruelty free

  11. Angela G says:

    Hello:) I just found your videos a couple of months ago. I wonder if you have done a piece on hair dyes…Like nail polish, I am certain it can’t be good. Do you know of any that are better? I don’t know if I can give that up!

    1. Robyn says:

      Right there with you, Angela…..dark hair is do-able, naturally (henna) but us fake blondes? Yikes. There’s nothing natural out there.

      1. Marlene says:

        Robyn & Angela – there is actually a plant based hair dye! We use it. It has no chemicals in it, and yes, they have blonde!! Google Green Hare Mud and look it up yourself. We met the owner on the holistic holiday at sea, vegan cruise. It is 100% plant based, she says you can eat it, it is that safe. I am not associated with the company, just a very satisfied customer!

        1. Robyn says:

          Marlene, wow, good to know, thanks for pointing me in that direction! Will research that.

  12. Kristyn says:

    Why didn’t you recommend the brand Ella Mila nails polish in this article like you did in a previous one? They advertise 7 free. Has something changed? Are you still recommending them?

  13. Marlene says:

    Any nail polish is a "paint" that has chemicals in it that are you should not ingest and that are toxic. I’ve chosen to go mostly polish free and only paint my nails as an infrequent occurrence to reduce exposure. You should also consider avoiding nail polish with Benzophenone-1, an ingredient that links to hormone disruptions and certain cancers, including breast, prostate and ovarian. It’s very difficult to find polishes without Benzophenone-1. So, make sure that in addition to being "free" of 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, or whatever, also making sure that it is free of Benzophenone-1. Pubmed has articles on the effects of Benzophenone-1.

  14. Kristyn says:

    at one point, you suggested ella mila nail polish because it was free of the top 7 chemicals. I noticed that ella mila is NOT on the above list. Is there a reason that its not on your above list!!!??

    1. Rose Butler GSG says:

      Hi Kristyn, there wasn’t a real reason for leaving Ella + Mila out of that list. Robyn says to use any non toxic brand that speaks to you. Hope that helps.

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