30 Foods, Herbs, and Spices You Need Now to Fortify Your Immune System
Whether you’re already making your way through a box of tissues or you want to keep your immune system’s defenses up before germs, viruses, or other pathogens come your way, you can protect yourself through the gift of food.
Read on to learn the best foods, herbs, and spices for immune health.
In this article:
Best Foods for Immune Health
Keep your immune system humming along by eating foods with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that support immune health. This also means foods that keep gut health in check, because 70% of the immune system lives there1! Here are the nutrients you’ll want in your meals to nip any sickness in the bud:
- Vitamin C foods: Probably the most well known immune system defender, Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant that’s important for overall well-being2. Find it in:
- Citrus fruits
- Bell peppers
- Brussels sprouts
- Dark leafy greens
- Zinc foods: Zinc participates in nearly all functions of the immune system, so it’s a key mineral to support health3. Zinc can be found in:
- Pumpkin seeds
- Sesame seeds
- Pine nuts
- Selenium foods: This mineral stimulates the production of antibodies in the immune system4. Antibodies protect us from toxins and other substances our bodies don’t recognize. You can get selenium from:
- Brazil nuts
- Sunflower seeds
- Brown rice
- Probiotic foods: As I mentioned, getting your gut health in order is really important for maintaining immune health. The healthy bacteria found in the following foods help protect you against pathogens or other “bad” bacteria:
- Yogurt (plain, unsweetened)
- Kefir (water, milk, or coconut water kefir)
- Pickled fruits and vegetables
Best Herbs and Spices for Immune Health
Don’t forget that your spice cabinet can also double as your medicine cabinet! There are plenty of herbs that support the immune system, including some you may already be using every day. Start adding more of them in cooking, or enjoy them in a tea blend to take advantage of their health benefits:
- Garlic: It’s antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal, and it can reduce the common cold by 63%5!
- Turmeric: You probably already know about this one, but this vibrantly colored root is used for its anti-inflammatory properties, which are so strong they rival over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen6.
- Ginger: As well as being high in immune-boosting zinc, ginger also contains a compound that specifically targets cold viruses7.
- Cayenne: The heat of this pepper may have you thinking otherwise, but it’s actually a highly anti-inflammatory spice. Its active component is capsaicin, which has antibacterial qualities that support the immune system8.
- Echinacea: An age-old remedy for shortening the duration of a cold. You can easily find this as tea in any grocery store. Research has shown that echinacea increases white blood cells that fight off infection9.
- Rose hips: Rose hips are the fruit of the rose bush, and these tart little berries are high in Vitamin C. You can usually find them in dried form to use in a tea blend at your local herb shop.
- Elderberry: Elderberry is often found as a syrup, a more palatable and natural alternative to the cough syrups you normally find at the drugstore. The dried berries can be made into tea as well, and they contain the same infection-fighting benefits as echinacea10.
If you’re not sure how to start using these herbs medicinally, you can try some of these ingredients in my healing drink recipes for colds, along with some of my favorite immune-boosting smoothie recipes.
And check out my article on my favorite immune boosters to learn which supplements I always have on hand to prevent (and beat) cold and flu. I make a kit of them to send with each of my college kids every year!
[Read next: 10 Green Smoothie Recipes for Boosting Immunity]
Robyn Openshaw, MSW, is the bestselling author of The Green Smoothies Diet, 12 Steps to Whole Foods, and 2017’s #1 Amazon Bestseller and USA Today Bestseller, Vibe. Learn more about how to make the journey painless, from the nutrient-scarce Standard American Diet, to a whole-foods diet, in her free video masterclass 12 Steps to Whole Foods.
- Vighi, G. et al. “Allergy and the gastrointestinal system.” Clinical and Experimental Immunology. 2008 Sep; 153(Suppl 1): 3–6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2008.03713.x
- Carr, A.C.; Maggini, S. “Vitamin C and Immune Function.” Nutrients. 2017 Nov; 9(11): 1211. Published online 2017 Nov 3. doi: 10.3390/nu9111211
- Wessels, I. et al. “Zinc as a Gatekeeper of Immune Function.” Nutrients. 2017 Dec; 9(12): 1286. Published online 2017 Nov 25. doi: 10.3390/nu9121286
- Avery, J.C.; Hoffmann, P.R. “Selenium, Selenoproteins, and Immunity.” Nutrients. 2018 Sep; 10(9): 1203. Published online 2018 Sep 1. doi: 10.3390/nu10091203
- Yang, Y. et al. “Effects of vitamin A deficiency on mucosal immunity and response to intestinal infection in rats.” Nutrition. 2011 Feb;27(2):227-32. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2009.11.024. Epub 2010 Apr 3.
- Zhen Ou, J. et al. “Potential of in vivo real-time gastric gas profiling: a pilot evaluation of heat-stress and modulating dietary cinnamon effect in an animal model.” Scientific Reports. 6, Article number: 33387 (2016)
- “Chia Seeds.” The Nutrition Source. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
- Grzelakowska, A. et al. “The dynamics of vitamin C content in fresh and processed cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)” Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology. 2013;18(1-2):97-102. DOI: 10.2478/cdem-2013-0022
- McMullen, M.K. et al. “Bitters: Time for a New Paradigm.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2015; 2015: 670504. Published online 2015 May 14. doi: 10.1155/2015/670504
- “Oats.” The World’s Healthiest Foods.